UPSC Syllabus For Political Science & International Relation

By | February 1, 2020

UPSC Syllabus For Political Science & International Relation-

Political science is one of the loved subject for UPSC Mains optional subject by many arts & science graduates so today I will explain every keywords of the UPSC Syllabus For Political Science & international Relation in this article. The choice of selection political science subject as an optional can be based on the interest of the aspirants, educational background, and others .

But Political science has very good track record in scoring high marks in UPSC mains optional exam so large number of aspirants choose it.

If you study well , prepare notes and revise it several times before exam, you can score very good marks in UPSC mains exam which will definitely boost your overall ranking.

The Syllabus of political science is not so large and you can easily manage this subject with regular study and good  UPSC books. 

It is highly recommended that you should read only those books which are specially made for UPSC exam and based on UPSC Syllabus. The book must cover entire UPSC syllabus then only it is beneficial otherwise you will end-up wasting time in those topics which are out of syllabus.

Here is the list of best books for UPSC exam for Prelims & mains , you can have a look on these books before you actually buy them.

Time management is the key to success in UPSC examination and we should understand it specially for optional subjects. Most people start reading optional after they clear prelims exam and not able to cover entire optional syllabus in 3-4 months and lose marks.

This is wrong approach towards UPSC Optional Subject Preparation, You should give enough time to UPSC optional Subject because it will cost you 500 marks in mains exam which is almost 50% of the previous IAS topper total marks. So you can not afford low marks in optional Subject.

The best time to start UPSC optional Subject Preparation is well before Prelims exam or with Prelims Exam preparation.

You should start reading optional Subject along with prelims books then only you will be able to cover entire UPSC Optional syllabus in time.

Let’s have a look on the keywords of UPSC Syllabus For Optional Subject-Political Science & International Relation.

UPSC Syllabus For Political Science Paper-01

Political Theory and Indian Politics

1.Political theory meaning and approaches
2.Theories of the state: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

3.Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
4.Western Political Thought :Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Grassi, Hannah Arendt,Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
5.Political Ideologies: Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism, Liberalism, Socialism,.Indian Political Thought-Dharmashastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Ssri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .
6.Equality: Social, political and economic;relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
7.Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
8-Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
Indian Government and politics
1.Indian Nationalism: Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers,movements.Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
2.Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
3.Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women.
4.Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrations tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
5.Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms,Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
6.Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
7.Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
8.Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
9.Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
10.Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

UPSC Syllabus For Political Science Paper-02

Comparative Politics and International Relations

1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.

1. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
2.State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.

3. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
4. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
5. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation, Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

7. Changing International Political Order,Rise of superpowers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat,Non-aligned movement : Aims and achievements,Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.

8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Bretton Woods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.

India and the World:

1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role

3. India and South Asia,Regional Cooperation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects,South Asia as a Free Trade Area,India’s “Look East” policy,Impediments to regional cooperation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

4. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

5. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
6. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
7. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peacekeeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
8. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

These are the Keyword for the UPSC Syllabus Political Science Optional Subject based on the latest notification of UPSC exam. You can print these points and try to memorise it to understand every topics under Optional Syllabus.

Here are the links for some other UPSC optional Subject Syllabus you may like to read them-


1-UPSC Syllabus For Various Subject including Prelims & mains exam.

2- Download UPSC Notification in PDF ( Includes UPSC Syllabus )

3-UPSC Geography Syllabus For Optional Paper-

4-UPSC History Syllabus for Optional Paper-

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